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How does the 3DS Max 2018 3D model convert in PDF format?
A 3d model can't be converted into pdf format you've to render it out as jpg on png and then convert that to pdf
Is there a 3D modelling software package out there that would allow me to apply a 2D vector pattern to a surface and export the resulting shape (and pattern) from a 3D camera window, to a 2D (flattened) vector file such as Ai, EPS, or PDF?
There are lots of applications that will allow you to import an Illustrator vector file and map it onto a 3D surface however .AIn and .EPS files only contain 2D information. And even though there is a 3D PDF format it is essentially a regular 2D PDF with an 3D file encapsulated inside and I doubt Illustrator would be able to import that portion. You can export from many 3D applications to either .DXF or .DWG and import those files into Illustrator but Illustrator will interpret it as a 2D file. (Other than Illustrator's whacky pseudo 3D filter it has no facilities to handle 3D objects especially ones created outside Illustrator.)
Would you share some of your own creative work with us?
I occasionally write reviews of movies or books on account of my liking writing movies books and writing about movies and books. Here's one I wrote about Dune italic one of a few that I actually regard with something resembling unequivocal pride I didn't think I'd have time to write this but I've just finished reading Dune italic by Frank Herbert and I'vee to the conclusion that it's an awesome book. This is a science fiction epic in which the patrician Paul Atreides travels to the planet of Dune or Arrakis as it's officially named on account of his family having accepted stewardship there. However a feud between the Atreides and the house of Harkonnen flares up on account of them being ages-old rivals and Arrakis being the only source of themodity called melange or spice a drug of immense psychotropic effect. The writing is pretty good even if I did eventually notice there was a formula of characters walking into a room details surrounding such events being given and then dialogue being allowed to take place. However such a formula works to the book's advantage due to its density. I found the world-building to be vastly better than that of something like the Lord of the Rings italic books. Although it's also rather verbosepared to The Lord of the Rings italic Dune has a relative directness that proves to be quite engaging in that a large part of the information relinquishedes from the dialogue giving this book's universe a large amount of depth. There are also brief passages from histories of Arrakis andpilations of quotes from Paul by the Princess Irulan a character who does not appear until the very end that while leaving no question as to how certain plot elements may be used or play out give the impression of a universe with a storied culture and history. Although the narrative seems to follow the hero's journey as illustrated by Joseph Campbell it in factes to subvert this narrative pattern by taking to task the assumption that protagonists will always be unequivocally good. Paul Atreides isn't entirely good; sure most interesting protagonists are flawed to a certain extent so as to make them not perfect enough to be unable to sympathize with but Paul isn't always an entirely benevolent presence. He eventually bes isolated enough from the presence of most of his life-longpanions to resort to guerrilla warfare. The Fremen a nomadic people that inhabits the desert of Arrakis take to this easily because they're used to hit-and-run tactics but his mother Jessica sees this as a cause for concern and I'm inclined to think it's rightly so because Paul's father Leto didn't want the house Atreides to deign to use guerrilla tactics no matter how severe the conflict. All of the characters in this book are fascinating in their presentation; though the villain Baron Vladimir Harkonnen doesn't appear to have any redeemable qualtities he's by no means a caricature in spite of his lack of subtlety. Jessica Atreides is an interesting character because of her connection to several different factions in the universe of Dune italic but she reallyes into her own midway through when she bes more distanced from Paul on account of his meteoric rise to power and how his ascension precipitates violencemitted in his name. Paul especially is intriguing; he has many qualities that would mark him as a hero such as seeking to destroy a source of immense evil and liberate an entire nation in the process but it can also be argued that he is an antihero in some ways seeing as the act of taking up the mantle of Muad'Dibes to confirm the fears of the late Leto and inspire a brutal jihad that sweeps across Arrakis though he doesn't entirely condone the fighting that erupts concurrently with his prophetic title. Sometimes I thought he was almost too perfect; he's in sync with just about every aspect of the universe and uses the ability with such finesse that it almost ruined any potential tension for me at times but eventually I stopped caring because it's that aspect of the book the focus on synchronization with one's surroundings that proves to be the most interesting. The world crafted by Frank Herbert is believable in how effectively its expanse and culture is elucidated. It seems that this book was heavily informed by Arabic culture. I wouldn't at all be surprised if the Fremen were inspired by the Bedouin. The world of Dune italic like us also has the concept of jihad which in Dune italic represents both physical and spiritual struggle and hajj the Arabic word for pilgrimage which is usually a descriptor for the journey to Mecca and I wouldn't at all be surprised if there were other references to Arabic culture that I'm as yet unaware of. What separates this book from other science fiction entries is how ethereal it is in its approach; most science fiction works like Brave New World italic Ender's Game italic Blade Runner italic and Children of Men italic are more forward-looking and take more interest in how technology maye to fulfill the needs of humanity. Dune italic however eschews technology for the most part and instead has most of its characters seek to better themselves through expansion of mental and physical adaptation by way of such methods as increasingputational powers and isolation of certain muscles which are enabled by spice. Come to think of it all of the villains are people who appear to have rejected spirituality in favour of external validation and value spice only for its economic value; I think the dichotomy should be obvious enough. As a consequence of the book's lack of focus on scientific advancement the book plays out like a fusion of science fiction fantasy and perhaps even historical fiction; while there are obvious science fiction elements such as the technology used to extract spice and conserve moisture the universe of Dune italic is based on a feudal structure of several great houses and there's a lot of concern about prophecies and how they may eventually be fulfilled. Dune italic overall is an impressive work; it's especially splendid in its focus on religion and the interplay between cultures though it appears that there's also a significant focus on ecology. The characters are all interesting with Paul especially having an excellent character arc the universe and mythology found in this book is captivating and the writing strikes the right balance between pacing and worldbuilding. With the possible exception of Nausicaue4 of the Valley of the Wind italic which this book made me want to see again I haven't seen or read anything like Dune italic and it looks like I might find more value from it in future rereads.
What is the most popular file format used for sharing CAD files?
I don't have a reference source other than about 2 years experience in the field. It breaks down like this 2D - DXF DWG both Autodesk AUTOCAD formats. If it's not important to convey the actual CAD geometry but just the product of it PDF TIFF are very widely used. 2D data is typically detail drawings but might actually be operable geometry such as a sheet metal flat pattern. When moving actual geometry there are issues withplex geometry such as splines or simply non analytical curves. There can also be issues with fonts line colors s s too. Other entities like a cross-hatch may be difficult depending on the to and from systems employed. PDF TIFF resolve these problems because they convey a picture of what the CAD data looks like and they do so with pixels in the case of TIFF and either pixels or vectors in the case of PDF. Another one is HPGL which is a plotting language primitive but still used regularly. From there one gets into CGMputer graphics meta-files Windows meta-files and other niche kinds of things. 3D - IGES and STEP as mentioned above. I want to expand on that answer just a little bit. 3D data isplicated because solid models areplicated as is 3D data in general. Most systems but not all these days break down to one part per file with assembly and drawing files used to contain the structure needed to document andbine parts. Additionally the systems vary in their capacity to represent surfaces models wireframe (curves and lines representing the intersections of edges of things typically) andbinations in their file structure and overall modeling ideological approach. Of the two IGES is the older format. It can contain pretty much all of the geometry s wireframe dimensions and annotations surfaces solids etc... It is a raw standardized geometry exchange only. Basically the data goes in there however the source system does that. The receiving system must parse the file and often deduce what is in there from what is given. Product structure isn't a part of the action with basic attributes like layers and colors used to differentiate different solid models. Tolerances vary between systems and this is important to know Solid modeling isn't a exact representation! The various vendors and their geometry engines approach the problem of geometry representation accuracy vspute and memory requirements differently. Because of this IGES files are well known for being iplete or in need of human intervention to be useful on the receiving end simply because the format is so basic that it does not convey enough information for it to be otherwise. IGES files today are on the decline because of these things though they still see a lot of use for license cost reasons already mentioned. In general the more robust the receiving system is the better luck one will have moving IGES files around. It's also about the only way to move data into and out of older systems as they can pre-date STEP or are not maintained enough to have STEP be a part of their licensed functionality. STEP files improve on IGES in that tolerance data is included along with significant amounts of meta-data including product structure solid model definitions etc... There are two variations of STEP. One is geometry based and the other is product structure based and they can be used in tandem tomunicate veryplex designs betweenplex systems. For this answer I'm just going to put that fact out there and focus on the geometry related STEP as it's long enough already. STEP geometry files can be monolithic containing all the product structure info and geometry in one file or they can be ed together in various ways. The mostmon is the monolithic file where it can be imported to the receiving system where a basic assembly model with structure can be realized and put to use. How useful that model is really depends on the receiving system and whether or not it can operate on geometry directly or if it requires parametric operation. Parametric data is not exchanged via STEP or IGES and that's a severe limitation for a lot of CAD systems and it can significantly impact the overall value of the data. The other geometry elements not typically exported by STEP or IGES unless explicitly requested are intermediate geometries sketches surfaces bodies used to construct the final model to be exported. These are important because it is often possible to re-parametrize a model in some systems if these things are available. There are derivatives too just like there is for 2D. Adobe has 3D PDF which breaks a file down into polygons or other basic geometry suitable for visualization and potentially measurement though one must be aware of what the limits are and the precision exported. Siemens has JT which can contain reduced precision geometry as well as a full manifold representation of the model machinable depending on what the source system output options actually are. Other products like this exist each little islands where they can be very useful depending on what everybody has. E-drawingses to mind here as useful if Solidworks is in play for example. One other format is STL which is a polygon file format used for rapid prototyping. It is low fidelity suitable for 3D printing and such and not much else. It is important to understand the target need. If it's visualization and maybe some light measurement then the basic formats can be used. 3D PDF etc... and STL. If it's geometry that is to be machined or assembled or operated on STEP is the best though IGES can be used with some tinkering and a test run** between both systems. **said test run usually consists of a entity test where one of each thing is created in the source system exported then imported into the destination system. Afterparing the two and after going the other way if that is needed amon set of geometry elements and settings can be established for further work. With IGES this step is important. With STEP it's less important though sometimes still necessary depending on the needs. So that more or less covers mechanical CAD. There are other formats used for entertainment building etc... such as the Alias 3DS or OBJ file formats that tend to dominate other CAD disciplines. Electrical CAD is a whole different beastie too! Be sure and clarify what CAD means because it can mean very different things to different people. This post is on Mechanical CAD only.
Should architects, graphic designers, etc., give out their CAD files to clients?
Usually it is not a good idea to do that. There are secret included in your CAD files. But if your clients need some 3d filesyou can try 3d pdf format file. This format is an internationally recognized standard PDF file (the format supporting s s images multimedia content etc.) and it contains some 3D models displayable interactively. You can rotate illuminate the 3D model make visible its cross-sections different views learn quotation and annotation details but these are not visible in the conventional PDF file. But it cannot be used to manufacture the 3d model on CNC machine or 3D printer.n How to create and open 3D PDF file - Bring Idea To Life s
What can a 10 lead ekg tell a doctor that a 1 lead can't?
One lead just for diagnosing rhythm (and not ten) leads theplete available information from the EKG e.g. fresh or old myocardial infarctions location of the infarction inflammation of the heart muscle of the pericardium - the layer on the heart muscle - low and high potassium low and high calcium probable digoxin intoxication etc. etc.. When I was in training for internal medicine in the mid seventies a cardiology resident having done his Ph.D in theputerized reading of the EKG taught us how to read all the information there is to read from an EKG by just studying a three lead (along the x y and z axis) Vectorcardiography instead of the usual twelve lead one. This now has long been forgotten but because it only utilized three leads was best suited to be analyzed by aputer program less variables. nGoing to just one lead all one can reliably read is the rhythm. Some pathology can be surmised e.g. low voltage ST elevation or depression but to be able to interpret the whole EKG you'll need spatial information in 3D for which you either need the old fashioned classical twelve lead EKG or the now practically forgotten Vectorcardiography . For those interested here is a paper in pdf format from my training hospital Page on Www on this subject.